We have all seen photos of women and children carrying
containers of water on their head but how often do we stop to consider a basic
fact about the mechanics involved?

Water is HEAVY

1 gallon of water = 8 lbs. (actually 8.33 lbs)

Many women and children in Africa carry up to 5 gallons of


On their heads

For miles

Twice or more a day

Women and children who carry heavy containers of water daily
suffer from neck and back pain and are prone to degenerative skeletal disorders.

Fill a container with water and see how far you can carry it
– not on your head – just carry it at all.

It’s heavy and it’s hard.